Monday, 26 November 2018

Avoidable Deaths: A Way Ahead


Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 178, November 2018

AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Avoidable Deaths: A Way Ahead" and tries to highlight the importance of reducing disaster mortality. Even the global level policy instrument Sendai Framework that guides the actions of nations in disaster management has enshrined "substantial reduction disaster mortality" as a veritable target to be pursued by its 185 signatory countries. This issue explores the theme of avoidable deaths in disaster si

tuations in an inter-disciplinary and systemic way. Disasters are often complex phenomena that impact the world in a variety of adverse ways. The possible triggers that can lead to large-scale death and destruction have been explored in this issue. This issue is also a valuable resource to researchers, practitioners and students interested in expanding their understanding on this particular theme.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Moving Towards Avoidable Deaths; (ii) Incentivizing Transparency, Expediting Humanitarian Assistance, and Strengthening Civil Society; (iii) Women take the Lead: Turning Crises into an Opportunity for Development; (iv) Disaster Risk Reduction – Save the Nature and Nature will Nurture you; (v) How Can Asia Address Avoidable Deaths?; (vi) Why Zero Mortality in Schools is a Myth; (vii) Non–Traditional Approaches to Finance for Disaster Recovery: A Few Examples for Consideration; and (viii) Impacting Lives through Skilling.

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Interplay of Disaster Risk, Climate Change, and Uncertainty


Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 177, November 2018

AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Interplay of Disaster Risk, Climate Change, and Uncertainty" and highlights how the uncertainty related with disaster risk and climate change marginalizes at-risk communities by posing a serious threat to their overall development outcomes.

Not only does this uncertainty manifest itself in different ways, it is also perceived by different people differently. For instance, there is a big gap in the way scientists and climate experts and at-risk communities perceive this uncertainty. While experts rely on quantitative models and projections, they are far removed from the lived experiences of at-risk communities who bear a disproportionate burden of the adverse impacts of this climate uncertainty.


This issue's contents includes: (i) Interplay of Disaster Risk, Climate Change, and Uncertainty; (ii) Migration — A Last Resort or An Adaptation Measure: A Case Study from Sri Lanka; (iii) Shifting from Climate Change to Catalyzing Community Change — A View; (iv) Uncertainty and Sundarbans Communities: A View from Bangladesh; (v) Anthropology of Uncertainty Among the 'Tribes' in India: A View; (vi) Communicating Climate Change and Mobilising Action: The Role of Faith Traditions and Human Rights; (vii) Erosion and Displacement — The Uncertainty in Indian Sundarban Delta (ISD); (viii) It is Possible, It is Right, It is the Future: Just Transition to a Green Economy; and (ix) Disaster Preparedness: A Shift in Paradigm.

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Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction: Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives in India


Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 176, October 2018:


AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction: Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives in India" focuses on the theme of CSR led projects in India that have had a tremendous impact on the lives of marginalized communities and victims of humanitarian crises.

The emergence of CSR as a major player in India's humanitarian landscape is welcome because it has secured much needed financial resources for activities of social development which were earlier undertaken by cash strapped civil society organizations. CSR has also helped in improving the professionalism in and service delivery of social welfare programmes and projects.

This issue highlights some of the laudable work done by major CSR entities like the HCL Foundation, IBM India Pvt. Ltd., Essel Group, IL&FS Services Ltd, etc. Responding to and planning for disasters and other emergencies has emerged to be a major focus area for CSR. This issue highlights how CSR can be leveraged to build the resilience of at-risk people and communities.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Does CSR Matter to DRR?; (ii) Transformative Interventions of Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Limited for Community Empowerment; (iii) A Community of Practice for Teacher Professional Learning and Student Learning Resources; (iv) IIFCL Smart Village—Borsimaluguri (Assam); (v) Mobilising Corporate Social Responsibility Across the Country by Magma Fincorp Ltd.; (vi) CSR Activities of Nava Bharat Ventures Ltd.; (vii) Standing with Communities in Need: HCL Foundation's Journey in Capacity Building on Humanitarian Actions, DRR, and Resilience; and (viii) Nurturing Young Seeds: An Initiative of Essel Group.

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Understanding Recovery in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Southasiadisasters.net Special issue no. 175, October 2018:


AIDMI's publication of SouthasiadisaAIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Understanding Recovery in Andaman and Nicobar Islands" and highlights the various aspects of the post–tsumani recovery process there.

This issue focuses on many themes related with the recovery process in the islands such as the importance of understanding the underlying factors of vulnerability, the role of international humanitarian agencies in assisting the recovery, civil–military cooperation in the response efforts, importance of housing, food and nutrition for a sustainable recovery and rehabilitation, etc. Most importantly, this issue highlights the nature of vulnerability and risk reduction in these beautiful islands.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Towards Understanding Recovery; (ii) The Multidimesionality of the Idea of Recovery; (iii) Challenges of Post–Tsunami Recovery in A&N Islands; (iv) (Re)Understanding Recovery from Asian Tsunami;; (v) Andaman & Nicobar Islands: After the Tsunami SEEDS Experiences; (vi) Lessons from Tsunami Recovery in Andaman & Nicobar Islands; (vii) Let us not Increase the Vulnerability of the A&N Islands; (viii) Tsunami Recovery in Sri Lanka, South Asia: Role of Japan; (ix) Civil—Military Cooperation in Disaster Response in India; (x) Reflections on Disaster Recovery in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; (xi) Observations on the Built Habitat and the Techno–Legal Regime of the Andaman–Nicobar Islands; (xii) Ecosystem Recovery Post Tsunami: Untapped Role of Communities; (xiii) Andaman Nicobar Islands Recovery: A View from the Communities; (xiv) Contribution of TISS in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Recovery: A Short Account; (xv) Andaman Nicobar Islands Recovery: Food and Nutrition Schemes; and (xvi) The House that Jack Built: Rebuilding Homes after the Tsunami of 2004.

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Wednesday, 17 October 2018



 Rising Risk of Heat Waves in India

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 174, October 2018:

AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Rising Risk of Heat Waves in Asia" It highlights not only the incidences and impacts of heat waves in Asia but also all the scientific and governance innovations designed to mitigate their damage. While instances of heat waves are on the rise across the world, Asia in particular seems to be reeling under an intense heat wave. According to the meteorologist Etienne Kapikian, at least seven Asian countries have already set monthly high temperature records at the end of March 2018.
All this scientific and empirical evidence points to the inconvenient truth that the incidence and intensity of heat waves will increase across Asian countries in the coming years. Therefore, there is a need to address this rising risk or mitigate its adverse impacts. This issue of Southasiadisasters.net takes stock of the best practices in governance systems (heat wave action plans), early warning and health preparedness among others to mitigate the adverse impacts of heat waves in Asia.
This issue's contents includes: (i) Heat Waves and Street Vendors: What Cities Can Do; (ii) Top Three Achievements of India to become "Weather Ready and Climate Smart"; (iii) Public Health Impact of Heat Waves in Indian Cities; (iv) Heat Wave Action Planning in Cities: A View from Gujarat; (v) Research Issues on Heat Waves in India; (vi) Heat Wave As A New Norm in Vietnam; (vii) Heating Island Paradise: Philippine Temperature Rises; (viii) Heat Wave Action Plan – Ahmedabad; (ix) Role and Results of National Disaster Management Authority in Heat Wave Planning in India; (x) Impact of Heat Wave on Vulnerable Citizens in Indian Cities; (xi) Impact of Heat Waves on Citizens; (xii) India Heading for Worst Summer and Heat Wave Across Half the Country.
Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Maya Potter, Fulbright-Nehru Research Fellow; Dr. Madhavan Nair Rajeevan, Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi, India; Vaishali Paste, Public Health Specialist, and Edmond Fernandes, CEO, Center For Health and Development (CHD), Karnataka, India; Shwetal Shah, Technical Advisor – Climate Change Department, Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India; Saudamini Das, NABARD Chair Professor, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India; Thao Do, IDS, Sussex, Vietnam; and Rolando Talampas, Asian Center, University of the Philippine Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.
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Beyond AMCDRR Ulaanbaatar

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 173, September 2018:

AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Beyond AMCDRR Ulaanbaatar " and focuses on themes that now inform the disaster risk reduction agenda of the region post AMCDRR 2018. The region of Asia-Pacific is highly exposed to risk of many disasters. In 2017 alone, more than 6,500 people lost their lives in Asia following more than 200 disasters that affected 66.7 million people. Therefore, it is imperative to focus on all measures that can help in saving lives and assets from the wrath of disasters.
Key themes explored in this issue include climate change uncertainty; capacity building of individuals and institutions involved in implementation of Asia Regional Plan, Comprehensive School Safety and Security Programme in Asia; Early Warning Systems (EWS) for trans-boundary disasters; regional cooperation between Asian countries for achieving DRR outcomes; the role of local bodies like Panchayats in implementing Sendai Framework; and budget and personnel allocation to achieve gender inclusiveness in DRR activities.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Understanding “Uncertainty” At AMCDRR 2018: Local Perspectives for Local Implementation of the Sendai Framework; (ii) Training Needs for Asian Regional Plan: A Way Ahead; (iii) Making Schools Safer in Asia, AMCDRR 2018, Mongolia Declaration; (iv) Trans–border Flood Early Warning on Early Warning System for Last Mile Connectivity to Enhance SFDRR Target–7; (v) Asian Practitioner's Perspectives on DRR; (vi) Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan and India: Some Policy and Cooperation Imperatives; (vii) Climate Change Leadership in India: Developing Climate Smart Farmers;  (viii) Beyond Ulaanbaatar: Bettering Transboundary Early Warning System in South Asia; (ix) Role of Panchayats in Early Warning: Anand District Planning Experience; (x) Capacity Building for Humanitarian Action: Focus on Cities; (xi) Key Messages for Gender Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction; and (xii) Climate Services for Enhanced Food Security in the Hindu Kush Himalaya.
Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Sanjaya Bhatia, Head, UNISDR Global Education and Training Institute, Korea; Tomoko Minowa, and Prabhakar, Research Manager and Senior Policy Researcher (Climate Change Adaptation); Dr. Kirit Shelat, Executive Chairman, National Council for Climate Change, Sustainable Development and Public Leadership (NCCSD), Ahmedabad, India; Ranit Chatterjee, Co-Founder RIKA India Pvt. Ltd., Delhi, India; Binoy Acharya, Aditi Sharan, and Kirit Parmar, UNNATI – Organisation for Development Education, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; Dibyashree Datta, Sinu Chacko, and Tanaji Sen, RedR India, Pune, Maharashtra, India; and Abid Hussain, Faisal M. Qamer and Maxim Shrestha, Media Officer, Knowledge Management and Communication, The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal.
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Is Air Pollution a Disaster in Indian Cities?


Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 172, July 2018:

AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Is Air Pollution a Disaster in Indian Cities?" and takes a close look at the problem of air pollution in India. It not only highlights the underlying causes of the problem of air pollution but also discusses the possible institutional and operational solutions to address this insidious risk. It is important to remember that poverty and pollution go hand in hand. This poses a great challenge for a developing country like India which has a large population. Two-thirds of India's population still lives outside of cities, and 80 percent of these households rely on biomass like wood and dung for cooking and heating. Agricultural practices like burning crop stubble also remain widespread. Couple this with weak enforcement of anti-pollution laws and regulations in India and a clearer picture of this crisis starts to emerge. This issue also highlights success stories in addressing air pollution from different countries for. Most importantly, it shows how the triple challenges of governance, technological innovation and behavioural change need to be overcome for addressing the problem of air pollution in India effectively.
This issue's contents includes: (i) Is Air Pollution a Disaster in Indian Cities?; (ii) Air Pollution as a Disaster in Ahmedabad: A View; (iii) Early Warning Systems for Poor Air Quality: Are Poor Included in Warning?; (iv) Early Warning System for Air Pollution in Chinese Cities: A View; (v) India's Next Urban Disaster: Air Pollution?; (vi) Air Pollution: How Clean is the Air you’re Breathing Right Now?; (vii) Addressing Risk in Thermal Power Stations; (viii) Air Pollution in Urban India: City Officers and Community Views; and (ix) Waste–to–Energy from Municipal Solid Waste: Need of the Hour.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Mr. Arindam Upmanyu, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU), Gandhinagar, Gujarat; Mr. Wei Shen, Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton; Liuyang HE, International Master of Environmental Policy Program  (IMEP), Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, Jiangsu, China; and Dr. Kunal N. Shah, Renewable Energy, Environment & Energy Efficiency (RE4) Research Wing, Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute (GERMI), Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
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Avoidable Deaths: A Way Ahead

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 178, November 2018 AIDMI's publication of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "Avoidable Death...